A dental technique that is used by periodontdists specifically for the treatment of periodontal disease is known as scaling and root planing. A hardened substance known as calculus or tartar is formed as a result of a buildup of dental plaque along the gum line. The periodontium, which are the structures that support the gums and other tissues the teeth is surrounded with, can be damaged by this buildup.
For the removal of this hardened plaque from below the gum line, a variety of instruments are used by the periodontdist as a result of which the tooth roots are properly protected by the gum. The surfaces of the tooth are also smoothened by root planing, which prevents the plaque from sticking to the teeth.
Scaling and root planing is often referred to as "deep cleaning." For the removal of calculus, plaque and stains from all surfaces of the teeth, periodontdists use both hand scalers and special ultrasonic instruments. To reduce the discomfort experienced by patients when this dental technique is carried out, periodontdists employ a localized gel or injection as a form of local anesthesia.
The buildup of dental plaque can cause the gum to pull away from the tooth root as a result of which calculus and plaque get collected in the pockets that are formed. Often, the structures supporting the teeth and the tooth root can also be damaged by the bacteria that also get collected in these pockets. Thus, when carrying out root planing, the bacteria, calculus and plaque from these pockets are also removed.
When it comes to treating mild gum disease like gingivitis, scaling and root planing is not only regarded as a typical periodontal therapy, but is considered highly effective as well. As long as a gum disease has not become severe, the condition can be corrected through scaling and root planing. Existing pockets around the teeth can be eliminated and the plaque buildup in these pockets can be removed through this dental technique.
Often, periodontal surgery has to be performed after this dental technique has been carried out, especially in cases where the gum disease has become really serious. Periodontdists remove the gum tissue in such a surgery as a result of which the root tissue that has been damaged by the plaque buildup is exposed.
Brushing the teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day will prevent the buildup of plaque, and people will not have to undergo this dental procedure. The symptoms of gum disease can also be diagnosed at an early stage by regularly visiting the dentist at least twice a year. This way, the problem can be corrected by performing less invasive procedures.
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